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Victoria Suspension Bridge
River Avon, Bath, UK
Victoria Suspension Bridge
associated engineer
James Dredge
date  1836
UK era  Georgian  |  category  Bridge  |  reference  ST740650
ICE reference number  HEW 811
photo  courtesy PHEW, ICE
Of eight early 19th century suspension bridges built across the River Avon near Bath and Bristol, two survive. One is Clifton Suspension Bridge (Isambard Kingdon Brunel), and the other is Victoria Suspension Bridge, by Wiltshire engineer James Dredge (1794-1863).
The span of the bridge is 45.7m, and it's some 5.6m wide. The suspension arrangement is one of several experimental early models, and was patented by Dredge. Flat link chains are used in place of the later iron-rope cables. The tension does not centre on the middle of the bridge but is shared between the towers. These, therefore, are weighty stone structures, each pair linked by a flat arch.
The suspenders descend in splayed pairs from the cables, and slope from them at an increasing angle towards the centre of the span, where they level with the deck. A parapet of uniform height runs from end to end.
Substantial repairs were carried out in the 1940s, and the bridge is now confined to foot traffic.
reference sources   CEH W&W

Victoria Suspension Bridge