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Cromford Cotton Mill
Cromford, Derbyshire
associated engineer
Sir Richard Arkwright
date  1771
UK era  Georgian  |  category  Factory/Industrial Plant  |  reference  SK277566
ICE reference number  HEW 1474
Richard Arkwright's Cromford Mill was the first mechanical cotton-spinning mill, the development of which signalled the advent of the Industrial Revolution.
The mill was powered by water. Wooden drums and leather belts conveyed the power to the machinery.
The spinning was done using a water frame, invented by Arkwright and first used here at Cromford. An example, made of wood, that probably dates from Arkwright's time can be seen in the Helmshore Textile Museum.
The building was conceived and constructed by Arkwright (1732-92).
reference sources   IndEng

Cromford Cotton Mill