John Smeaton
continued
introduction  •  early years  •  instrument making  •  bridges  •  Royal Society  •  water wheels & mill works  • inland waterways & fen drainage  •  lighthouses  •  steam engines  •  harbours  •  practice & legacy  •  family & final years  •  selected works & papers  •  sources
Selected works
1756-59 Eddystone Lighthouse, including substructure
1760-70 Calder & Hebble Navigation
1763 London Bridge (foundation design proposal)
1763-67 Coldstream Bridge
1765-68 Potteric Car Drainage (first phase)
1766-71 Perth Bridge
1767-70 St Ives Harbour (Smeaton's Pier)
1767-1771 River Lee Navigation
1767-72 Adlingfleet Drainage
1767-72 Ure Navigation and Ripon Canal
1768-70 Newark Flood Arches
1768-73 Eyemouth Harbour
1768-77 Forth & Clyde Canal (Grangemouth to Glasgow)
1769-73 Rye Harbour (new channel)
1771-76 Spurn Point Lighthouses
1771-78 Portpatrick Harbour
1772-77 Potteric Car Drainage (second phase)
1772-79 Banff Bridge
1773 Stonehouse Creek Bridge
1775 Dunipace Dam
1775 Queensberry Bridge
1775-79 Aire & Calder Navigation (new cuts and locks)
1775-80 Aberdeen Harbour (north pier)
1775-81 Peterhead Harbour
1776-77 Nent Force Level
1776-81 Ramsgate Harbour (basin and sluices)
1776-89 Hatfield Chase Drainage
1777 Altgran Bridge (Culcairn Bridge)
1777 Coquet Dam
1777 Ornamental Bridge, Amesbury
1777-80 Hexham Bridge (failed 1782), and its reconstruction
1778 Cardington Bridge
1781-84 Cromarty Harbour
1785-87 Hull North Bridge
1788-90 Aberdeen Harbour (catch pier)
1788-91 Ramsgate Dry Dock
1788-92 Ramsgate Advanced Pier
1791-1800 Charlestown Harbour
Papers presented to the Royal Society
A list of the 18 papers that John Smeaton presented to the Royal Society and that were published in the society's periodical ....
An Account of Some Improvements of the Mariners Compass, in Order to Render the Card and Needle, Proposed by Doctor Knight, of General Use, by John Smeaton, Philosophical Instrument-Maker, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 46, 1749/50
An Engine for Raising Water by Fire; Being an Improvement of Savery's Construction, to Render It Capable of Working Itself, Invented by Mr. De Moura of Portugal, F.R.S., Philosophical Transactions, Volume 47, 1751/52, with Benito de Moura Portuga FRS
A Description of a New Tackle or Combination of Pullies, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 47, 1751/52
Concerning Some Improvements Made in the Air-Pump, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 47, 1751/52, letter to John Ellicott FRS
An Account of Some Experiments upon a Machine for Measuring the Way of a Ship at Sea, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 48, 1753/54
Description of a new Pyrometer, with a Table of Experiments Made Therewith, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 48, 1753/54
An Account of the Effects of Lightning upon the Steeple and Church of Lestwithiel [sic], Cornwall, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 48/9, 1757/58, letter to the Right Honourable the Earl of Macclesfield (President of the Royal Society)
Remarks on the Different Temperature of the Air at Edystone [sic], from That Observed at Plymouth, between the 7th and 14th of July 1757, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 50, 1757/58
An Experimental Enquiry concerning the Natural Powers of Water and Wind to Turn Mills, and Other Machines, Depending on a Circular Motion, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 51, 1759/60
A Discourse concerning the Menstrual Parallax, Arising from the Mutual Gravitation of the Earth and Moon; It's Influence on the Observations of the Sun and Planets; With a Method of Observing It, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 58, 1768
Description of a New Method of Observing the Heavenly Bodies out of the Meridian, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 58, 1768
Observation of a Solar Eclipse the 4th of June, 1769, at the Observatory at Austhorpe, Near Leeds, in the County of York, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 59, 1769
Description of a New Hygrometer, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 61, 1771
An Experimental Examination of the Quantity and Proportion of Mechanic Power Necessary to be Employed in Giving Different Degrees of Velocity to Heavy Bodies from a State of Rest, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 66, 1776
New Fundamental Experiments upon the Collision of Bodies, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 72, 1782, letter to Sir Joseph Banks, Baronet (President of the Royal Society)
Observation on the Graduation of Astronomical Instruments; With an Explanation of the Method Invented by the Late Mr. Henry Hindley, of York, Clock-Maker, to Divide Circles into any Given Number of Parts, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 76, 1786, with Henry Cavendish FRS and SA
Account of an Observation of the Right Ascension and Declination of Mercury out of the Meridian, Near His Greatest Elongation, Sept. 1786, Made by Mr. John Smeaton, F.R.S. with an Equatorial Micrometer, of His Own Invention and Workmanship; Accompanied with an Investigation of a Method of Allowing for Refraction in Such Kind of Observations, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 77, 1787, with Rev. Nevil Maskelyne DDFRS (Astronomer Royal)
Description of an Improvement in the Application of the Quadrant of Altitude to a Celestial Globe, for the Resolution of Problems Dependant on Azimuth and Altitude, Philosophical Transactions, Volume 79, 1789, with William Wales FRS
introduction  •  early years  •  instrument making  •  bridges  •  Royal Society  •  water wheels & mill works  • inland waterways & fen drainage  •  lighthouses  •  steam engines  •  harbours  •  practice & legacy  •  family & final years  •  selected works & papers  •  sources
All items by John Smeaton  •  Everything built ... 1724 - 1792
main references  BDCE1, DNB, JS
painting of Smeaton  courtesy Institution of Civil Engineers

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Biography
John Smeaton
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Coldstream Bridge
Queensberry Bridge
Banff Bridge