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Townhead Reservoir (Banton Loch)
Banton Loch, Banton, North Lanarkshire
associated engineer
John Smeaton
date  1770 - 1773
era  Georgian  |  category  Dam/Reservoir  |  reference  NS738785
Townhead Reservoir, now called Banton Loch, supplies water to the summit level stretch of John Smeaton's Forth & Clyde Canal, 1km to the south.
The site of the reservoir — between Banton and Kilsyth, is the location of the Battle of Kilsyth of 1645, an engagement of the Scottish Wars of the Three Kingdoms in which Montrose's Royalist Highlanders defeated the Covenanters led by William Baillie.
John Laurie surveyed the area for Smeaton in early 1770, and work on the dam and reservoir began in May the same year. By August 1772 the dam was finished and by summer 1773 the reservoir was full.
The site topography is such that an earth-fill dam some 7.6m high at its highest point, with a crest a little less than 90m long, was sufficient to impound a reservoir covering 21.9 hectares. It contains almost three quarters of a million cubic metres of water — enough to fill 2,245 locks of the size used at the eastern end of the Forth & Clyde Canal.
The reservoir is the main source of water for the 25.7km summit-level stretch of canal, which is 47.2m above the low water level of the Forth.
Resident engineer: Robert Mackell
Research: ECPK
reference sources   JS
Location

Townhead Reservoir (Banton Loch)