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Victoria Tower
Salisbury Dock river entrance, Port of Liverpool, Merseyside
Victoria Tower
associated engineer
Jesse Hartley
date  1844 - 4th August 1848
era  Victorian  |  category  Building  |  reference  SJ332921
ICE reference number  HEW 1546
photo  Reg N. Norfolk
On 4th December 1845, Jesse Hartley, submitted a design to the Dock Committee for "a tower in which to place a clock for the use of the public, to be erected upon the middle pier of the southern entrance from the river of the new dock works, which tower might be made available for the purpose of a telegraph or lighthouse.
The river he was referring to is the Mersey and the new dock works, Salisbury Dock. Hartley was the Dock Surveyor, and his design was accepted. The tower, known as Victoria Tower, was completed in 1848.
Victoria Tower has a circular base that changes to a hexagonal plan above its corbelled balcony. It tapers slightly as it rises to the projecting castellated top above its sixth floor. A navigation light in an ornamental structure was planned for the top but not constructed. Instead, a 9m flagpole was installed (now gone). Each of the six sides of the tower has a clock face at fourth floor level.
Granite from Kircudbright, sandstone and brickwork were used for the tower's construction. It's faced with ashlar granite and the doorways and windows have dressed voussoirs and quoins. The corbels, balustrades and castellations feature fine workmanship.
The floors above ground are each supported by two cast iron inverted V-shaped beams. Between these is vaulted brickwork. The beams are set at angles that differ from floor to floor by 60 degrees. This spreads the load evenly. The floors are laid with clay tiles, except for the lower three floors, which have tongue and groove boarding, as these floors were the living accommodation for the tower keeper. The fifth floor is an open belfry with a single brass bell by Mears & Stainbank of Whitechapel Foundry, London. It is dated 1892.
The tops of the castellations are 31.6m above the ground and the centres of the clock faces 17.4m. At ground level, the tower's diameter is 9.6m. Up at roof level, each of the six sides measures 6.3m across.
Research: PD
reference sources   CEH North
Location

Victoria Tower