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York Old Station
Tanner Row, York, UK
York Old Station
associated engineer
Thomas Cabry
Thomas Storey
date  1840 - 1842
era  Victorian  |  category  Building  |  reference  SE596517
ICE reference number  HEW 13
photo  PHEW
Just inside York's city walls, not far from the present railway station, can be found the various parts that remain of the city's Old Station dating from the early 1840s. The small complex has three notable features: the train shed roof, the administration buildings and the access arches in the medieval city wall.
The station was built as the terminus of the York & North Midland Railway, engineered by George Stephenson. Company chairman was George Hudson. This line connected York to Leeds, and it was closely followed by the construction of the Great North of England Railway, connecting York to Darlington and sharing the terminus. Other lines soon followed and York became a major route from London to the north.
The train shed was designed by Cabry, who was a member of Stephenson's team. It has cast iron columns, arched cast girders and wrought iron trusses in three bays. These bore a strong resemblance to old Euston station in London, which isn't surprising as Euston was the starting point for the journey north at the time. Cabry looked around at other stations before making his design for York. A small portion of the train shed remains but it is not normally accessible to the public.
The range of offices (and a hotel) that served the station were designed by local architect George Andrews. They housed both station functions and the administration of the railway companies. They are still standing and can be seen in Toft Green.
To bring the rail tracks inside the city walls, the walls had to be breached. Several arches were made. Two large pointed arches can be seen in Queen Street. The most southerly was made first and carried the footpath on the wall over the YNMR track. It spans some 20m. Cabry produced a design for it that was rejected in favour of one by Andrews. Andrews subsequently designed the second arch to serve the station yard. A third was made near York's Lendal Bridge for access to the coal wharves on the River Ouse.
The station was replaced by the present York Station in 1877, located on a new site outside the walls.
Architect: George T. Andrews (station offices, arches in city wall)
reference sources   CEH NorthBRH
Location

York Old Station