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Victoria (Grosvenor) Bridge, site of
River Thames, Pimlico, London
associated engineer
Sir John Fowler
Sir Charles Fox & Son
date  1859 - 1860 and 1865 - 1866
era  Victorian  |  category  Bridge  |  reference  TQ286777
ICE reference number  HEW 2253
The current bridge on this site is Grosvenor Bridge, the ten-track railway bridge that serves Victoria Station. Its predecessor was Victoria Bridge, the first rail bridge to cross the Thames in the London area.
Victoria Bridge began life as a mixed guage two-track railway bridge designed by Sir John Fowler. It carried Great Western trains, London Brighton & South Coast trains and London Chatham & Dover trains, all into Victoria Station.
The bridge's four river arches each spanned 53.3m. They were wrought iron segmental arches. At the north end was a wrought iron plate girder land span of 21.3m. There was a similar land span to the south, measuring 19.8m.
In 1865, work commenced on a new structure immediately adjacent to the east (downriver) side of Fowler's bridge. It was designed by Sir Charles Fox & Son and increased the number of available tracks to seven. The new section was also made of wrought iron and it repeated the elevation profile of its neighbour.
The same formula, this time using steel, was again followed for further widening in the early 20th century, this time on the west side. This brought two more tracks into service in 1907.
By the mid 20th century, the older structures were deteriorating and carrying heavier loads than they were designed for. The replacement rail bridge, the present Grosvenor Bridge, was built in phases, beginning in 1963. Aesthetic, technical and practical reasons influenced the decision to keep the original four-arch profile.
reference sources   CEH Lond
Location

Victoria (Grosvenor) Bridge, site of