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Fulwell Windmill
west of the A19, Sunderland, Tyne & Wear
Fulwell Windmill
associated engineer
Allison of Whitburn (millwright)
date  1821
era  Georgian  |  category  Windmill  |  reference  NZ390594
photo  Paul Dunkerley
The best preserved windmill in northeast England. It is a complete 'podium' tower mill, in which the cylindrical base acts as a reefing gallery. The four storey limestone tower has a render finish.
The reefing gallery mound is made of random-laid magnesium limestone. It surrounds the ground floor, which houses flour dressing and pearl barley machines, driven by ancillary shafts from the main upright shaft on the first floor. There is a Great Spur Wheel, and two pairs of underdrift stones with stone nuts. The mill's cap has a cast iron windshaft.
The mill was built for Matthew Robson Swan, on the site of another, shown on a map of 1785. John Fuller was miller in 1834, then the Dodd family ran the mill in the 1840s, then D. Coulson, then William Moody around 1880. Ownership then passed to the Church Commissioners. A gas engine was installed circa 1900 and the sails were removed. Moody's son, also called William, operated the mill until 1949, when the domed cap almost collapsed.
Restoration was carried out in 1955. A new cap and four patent single shuttered anticlockwise sails without shutters, mounted on an iron cross, were installed. The doors and windows were blocked up at this time. The mill had no fantail at one period, but now has a six-blade white one.
The gas engine was eventually sold to Norman Howey, whose father had installed it. Volunteers worked to open up the doors and windows in 1974. The machinery has been restored in two phases since 1983.
The mill is Grade 2* listed.
Millwright: R.Thompson & Son, Alford (1955 restoration)
Research: PD
bibliography
"Industrial Archaeology" ed. K. Hudson
The Journal of the History of Industry & Technology, vol 4 No.4
David & Charles, Newton Abbot, 1967
"Fulwell Mill"
Tyne & Wear Industrial Minuments Trust, 1991
reference sources   WofEWGE
Location

Fulwell Windmill