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Bradwell Windmill
Bradwell, Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire
Bradwell Windmill
associated engineer
Samuel Holden (millwright)
date  1816 (possibly 1805)
era  Georgian  |  category  Windmill  |  reference  SP829411
photo  J. Brian Powell
Most Buckinghamshire tower mills were brick built, which makes Bradwell unusual, as it's made of local limestone, originally tarred black. It has a fireplace on the ground floor, another unusual feature, since the mixture of fire and grain dust made explosion a possibility.
The mill was built for Samuel Holman at a cost of over £500. It is three storeys high, with windows set one above the other. It originally had a curved gabled cap luffed by wheel and chain with an early universal joint, and two pairs of underdrift stones.
After Holman’s death in 1825, the mill passed to his wife and son. By 1846 it was owned by Elizabeth Curtis and worked by William Carr. Robert Adams bought it in 1857 and his son of the same name work it. The mill had ceased work by 1864, or possibly 1871, and was derelict by the 1930s.
The local council bought the mill in 1949 and opened it to the public. One sail was lost in 1967. Restoration by R. Thompson & Son of Alford followed, including the installation of four new anticlockwise common sails and a new boat-shaped cap, a brake-wheel and wallower, all fitted in 1974-6. Volunteers helped restore the mill to working order.
More restoration was done in the 1990s, though by 1997 repairs were needed to the curb. The mill now has two common and two spring anticlockwise sails and is Grade II listed.
Research: PD
bibliography
"Windmills in Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire" by A.C. Smith
Stevenage Museum Publications, 1976
"Windmills" by S. Taylor
Todtri Productions Ltd, New York, 1999
reference sources   WofE
Location

Bradwell Windmill