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Pharos, Fleetwood
Pharos Place, Fleetwood, Lancashire, UK
Pharos, Fleetwood
associated engineer
Captain H.M. Denham
date  1839 - 1840
era  Victorian  |  category  Lighthouse  |  reference  SD338483
ICE reference number  HEW 249
photo  Paul Dunkerley
At Fleetwood, a town created as a railway terminus and setting-off point for sea journeys, there are two onshore lighthouses and an offshore one. The Pharos and its sister, Beach Lighthouse, mark the coast and point the way to the Wyre Light, some two miles offshore.
The shore lighthouses were designed by Denham in conjunction with the architect Decimus Burton. It was Burton who laid out the new town for the Preston & Wyre Railway, operators of a branch line to the coast from the West Coast main line, which at that time terminated at Preston. Passengers would stay in the town while awaiting ferry connections to Glasgow, Isle of Man, Belfast, etc. This more or less came to end in the late 1840s with the extension of the West Coast line to Glasgow.
Like the Beach Lighthouse, the Pharos, or Upper Light, is made of sandstone. It consists of a slender tapering shaft on a square base. It is unique in Britain in that it has a live electric tramway running beside it.
The lamp is 104ft above half-tide level, making it more than twice the height of Beach Lighthouse. It was originally gas fired but is now electric. Both onshore lights were first lit on the same day 1st December 1840 and are maintained by Wyre Borough Council.
Architect: Decimus Burton
Research: PD
"Sailing Directions from Port Lynas to Liverpool..."
by H.M. Denham
Mawdsley, Liverpool, 1840
"The Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway"
by J. Marshall
David & Charles, Newton Abbot, 1969, vol.1 81ff
"Docks", July 1974, Part 4
reference sources   CEH North

Pharos, Fleetwood