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Shaddon Mill, Carlisle
Junction Street, Carlisle, Cumbria, UK
Shaddon Mill, Carlisle
associated engineer
Sir William Fairbairn
date  February 1835 - 25th October 1836
UK era  Georgian  |  category  Building  |  reference  NY394556
ICE reference number  HEW 961
photo  ICE R&D Fund
A seven storey brick building with cast iron framing, Shaddon Mill was the largest cotton mill in England in 1836, the time of its construction. In its heyday, the mill employed 8,000 local people.
Shaddon Mill was built for Peter Dixon and is also known as Dixon's Mill. Its engineer, Wiliam Fairbairn, designed the machinery as well as the building's cast iron frame. The mill complex included the main building and its chimney, and housing for employees.
The main building measures 58.6m by 18.3m and is 25.3m high. Its walls are made of brick, up to 900mm thick. Inside, the main beams are spaced at 2.82m and span 5.5m. They rest on cast iron columns 165mm in diameter. Brick vaulting between each set of beams supports the tiled floor above. Each floor has 3.2m headroom.
Beside the mill is the impressive tapering brick chimney, 28.35m high. It measures 5.4m across its base, reducing to 1.9m across at the top. The thickness of the brickwork decreses accordingly from 3m to 380mm.
The mill now houses part of the Cumbria Institute of Arts, located on the ground floor, and 58 apartments on the upper floors.
Architect: Robert Tattersall, Manchester
Chimney contractor: Richard Wright
Mill contractor: Nixon and Denton
Research: PD
reference sources   CEH North

Shaddon Mill, Carlisle