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Middleton Top Engine House
Middleton, Derbyshire, UK
Middleton Top Engine House
associated engineer
Josias Jessop
date  circa 1829 - 1830
era  Georgian  |  category  Building  |  reference  SK275552
ICE reference number  HEW 117
photo  PHEW
The building atop the Middleton incline houses a pair of low-pressure condensing beam engines, the only surviving winding-engines of the Cromford & High Peak Railway. In the early days of rail, the cars were pulled up hills using stationery steam engines like these.
Josias Jessop, William Jessop's son, was engineer for the railway, which connected the Cromford Canal at Cromford to the Peak Forest Canal at Whaley Bridge. Woodhouse continued supervision after Jessop's death in 1826. The line has been taken up now, though its route is visible.
The stone engine house has a semi-octagonal end and a tall brick chimney. Only parts of the engines are original: such as the beams, parallel motions and connecting rods. The Cornish boilers, which are covered by a lean-to roof, are not. The building and its engines is a scheduled Ancient Monument and is open to the public.
Resident engineer: Thomas Woodhouse
Engine construction: Butterley Company
reference sources   CEH E&CBDCE1

Middleton Top Engine House