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Arkwright's Aqueduct
Mill Lane, Cromford, Derbyshire
associated engineer
Sir Richard Arkwright
date  1821
era  Georgian  |  category  Aqueduct  |  reference  SK298569
ICE reference number  HEW 1484
Arkwright's Aqueduct delivered water from Cromford Sough, arriving at a rate of 16,000 gallons per minute, to the overshot waterwheel in Arkwright's 1772 cotton spinning Upper Mill in Cromford.
The aqueduct spans the road in front of the mill building. It hasn't delivered water since 1845, when the completion of the Meerbrook Sough further down the valley diminished the flow. The water originated from adits draining the shafts of lead mines.
It is made of threequarter inch cast iron plates and is 75ft long. Its spans are supported on stone pillars. Internally it is 3ft 9in wide and 2ft 9in high and some tie bars span its top.
The joints in the plates are covered over by iron pilasters over a foot wide. The main span has a raised arch and keystone pattern cast into the face.
This iron aqueduct replaces the timber one of 1785 that served the same purpose.
reference sources   CEH E&C

Arkwright's Aqueduct