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St Catherine's Lighthouse
St Catherine's Down, Isle of Wight, UK
St Catherine's Lighthouse
associated engineer
Not known
date  1328
era  Medieval  |  category  Lighthouse  |  reference  SZ493772
ICE reference number  HEW 736
photo   Derek Harper and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence
An elegant stone octagonal tower sited on St Catherine's Hill, 228.6m above sea level. It has a ring of eight small openings at the top for the light and is 9.9m high. Also known as St Catherine's Oratory.
The building of the tower, along with a chapel for the chanting of orations to drowned sailors, was ordered by the Pope on threat of excommunication as part recompense for the purchase of shipwrecked Ecclesiastical wine by the local landowner, Walter de Godeton. Only the tower still stands.
As a lighthouse, it was quite often ineffective because of low cloud. A replacement was built in 1785 but this also proved too high. The current lighthouse was built in 1838, 90m from the sea , though even this one had to be shortened later.
A Scheduled Ancient Monument.
reference sources   CEH South

St Catherine's Lighthouse