timeline item
Here is the information we have
on the item you selected
More like this
sign up for our newsletter
© 2018 Engineering Timelines
engineering timelines
explore ... how   explore ... why   explore ... where   explore ... who  
home  •  NEWS  •  search  •  FAQs  •  references  •  about  •  sponsors + links
Clevedon Pier
Clevedon Bay, Clevedon, Somerset
Clevedon Pier
associated engineer
John William Grover
Richard J. Ward
date  1867 - 1868
era  Victorian  |  category  Pier, seaside  |  reference  ST399720
ICE reference number  HEW 430
photo  Kenneth C. McCrae
Considered to be the most graceful pier in the country, Clevedon's mid-Victorian pier was constructed from the surplus rails of the South Wales Railway. It served the pleasure steamers that once plied the Bristol Channel.
The deck of Clevedon Pier is 16ft 6in wide. Eight, 100ft spans support it. Each is made up of pairs of Barlow rails of 'top hat' section, riveted together back-to-back to form the pier legs. These are secured into cast-iron screw piles, 2ft in diameter at their bases.
At the top ends, the pairs of rails are not riveted, and while one rail of each leg rises vertically to the deck, the other is longer and splays away to form a transverse truss with the corresponding rail from the opposite pier leg. Additional rails provide longitudinal bracing.
The present pierhead, which is angled in accord with the tides, is not the original, but was built as a replacement in 1893. After the pier partially collapsed in 1970 during load testing, the pierhead was left isolated and inaccessible for 28 years (see picture).
The pier was reconstructed during the period 1985-8. The deck was rebuilt in steel, matching the original rail profiles. The Japanese-style pierhead pagoda and pavilions were restored in 1995-8, after which the pierhead re-opened to the public.
Named 'Pier of the Year 1999' by the National Piers Society.
Contractor: Hamilton's Windsor Ironworks, Liverpool
Contractor (abutment): A. Oliver, Hitchin
Research: PD
"The Grand Re-opening of Clevedon Pier: Souvenir Programme"
Saturday 23rd May 1998
Publishing Today
reference sources   CEH W&WSurvSP

Clevedon Pier