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Old Dungeness Lighthouse
Dungeness, Kent, UK
Old Dungeness Lighthouse
associated engineer
Samuel Wyatt
date  1792
era  Georgian  |  category  Lighthouse  |  reference  TR087169
ICE reference number  HEW 1164
photo  PHEW
Only the base is left of the 1792 brick tower, the oldest of three remaining lighthouses on the hazardous Dungeness promontory.
The point of the Dungeness promotory moves steadily to the east over the years, due to shingle from Rye Bay deposited along the shore. This geological shift has necessitated periodic changes in the warning system. Previous lights were built here in 1615 and 1635, both fired by coal, but neither remain.
Wyatt constructed this tapering, 116ft high brick tower along the lines of Smeaton's pioneering design at Eddystone. Its first light was powered by 18 sperm oil lamps and by the time Robert Stevenson made an inspection in 1818, parabolic reflectors were also being used.
1862 saw the installation of one of the first electric lighthouse lamps in England at Dungeness. This was again replaced by an oil lamp surrounded by glass prisms, with a strength of 850 candle power. Wyatt's tower was superseded in 1904 by the one known as New Dungeness Lighthouse. Yet another tower was built in 1961.
reference sources   CEH South
Location

Old Dungeness Lighthouse