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Cley Windmill
River Glaven, Cley next the Sea, Norfolk
Cley Windmill
associated engineer
Not known
date  circa 1815 - 1819
era  Georgian  |  category  Windmill  |  reference  TG043440
ICE reference number  HEW 1581
photo  Jane Joyce
Cley's windmill has been depicted by artists many times over the years. Arthur Gerald Ackermann and George Sear have both chosen it as a subject. It is a five storey tower mill and it stands on the old quay of the River Glaven on the north Norfolk coast.
The brown brick conical tower is 15.25m high, 7.9m in diameter at the bottom and 5.5m in diameter at the top. It has an external reefing gallery at second floor level. Its windows sit one above the other.
Other external features include a white beehive timber cap with a petticoat and large white ball finial, a timber cap gallery, four patent anticlockwise double shuttered 20.7m sails, an eight-blade red and white banded fantail, and a rear three storey lean-to building.
Fire destroyed most of the village of Cley in 1612. A post mill was subsequently built, later to be replaced by this tower mill described as "new erected" in 1819. During the 19th century, it was owned by John Farthing and leased to John Lee. He was succeeded by Lawrence Randall in 1848, then Stephen Barnabas Burroughes circa 1870-1900, after which his sons ran it until WWI. It ceased wind work around 1912. At this time the mill had three pairs of stones.
As the channel of the river grew silted, trade at Cley declined and the mill ceased operation altogether in 1917. Since 1921, it has been used as living accommodation. Repairs were carried out in 1961.
Contractor: R. Thompson & Son (1961 repairs)
Research: PD
"Windmills" by S. Beedell
David & Charles, Newton Abbot, 1975
"Windmills in Norfolk" by A.C. Smith
Stevenage Museum Publications, 1982
reference sources   CEH E&CWofEWGE

Cley Windmill