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Sheffield Canal Aqueduct
Darnall Road and Worksop Road, Attercliffe, Sheffield, UK
associated engineer
William Chapman
date  1816 - February 1819
era  Georgian  |  category  Aqueduct  |  reference  SK382887
ICE reference number  HEW 1
This is the only aqueduct on the Sheffield & Tinsley Canal, which follows the River Don valley and is part of the larger Sheffield & South Yorkshire Navigation scheme. The canal remains in use and the aqueduct was listed at Grade II on 5th September 1975.
Plans for a canal through Sheffield were suggested by Robert Mylne (1792) and Benjamin Outram (1793). William Jessop (1801) and William Dunn (1802) looked into the possibility of including a canal in the River Don Navigation. William Chapman surveyed the river valley and reported his ideas for a canal between Rotherham and Sheffield in July 1813. These were rejected in April 1814, though his subsequent proposals were accepted in the autumn of that year.
After the defeat of the French armies at Waterloo (1815), money that might otherwise have been needed for the war effort was available for engineering work in Britain. Sheffield Canal was enacted on 7th June 1815 and work began the following year.
The aqueduct was built to carry the canal over the roadway between Attercliffe and Worksop (now Darnall Road), which dips below the structure and the adjacent iron railways viaducts of the 1840s on its north west side. The road floods periodically during sudden heavy rainfall or when the aqueduct overtops.
Its masonry has ashlar dressings, dentilled cornices on either side and parapet walls with chamfered copings. The central segmental arch is 3.95m above the modern roadway and is flanked by a pair of round-topped arches over raised footways, and the south eastern spandrels curve outwards. A round arch culvert carries Kirkbridge Dyke to the south west.
Canal width over the aqueduct decreases to approximately one third of its width elsewhere. The 6.5km long Sheffield Canal, from Sheffield Basin (now Victoria Quays) to Tinsley, opened on 22nd February 1819 and cost £76,000 to build.
Resident engineer: Henry Buck
Research: ECPK
bibliography
"Historical Account of the Navigable Rivers, Canals, and Railways, of Great Britain” by Joseph Priestley, Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown & Green, London and Richard Nichols, Wakefield, 1831, pp. 570-572
http://canalplan.tty.org.uk
reference sources   CEH NorthBDCE1
Location

Sheffield Canal Aqueduct